Lithuania’s Startling Campaign to Erase Its Ugly History of Nazi Collaboration
July 27, 2015 - accent chair
Though fewer than 5,000 Jews live in a nation today, from a 14th by mid-20th centuries, Lithuania was a heart of Jewish life. The initial liquid arrived in a Middle Ages when a bubonic illness swept by Western Europe murdering thousands of Jews—many from a illness itself, though many others during a hands of Christian neighbors who blamed them for a disease. Jews fled to a easterly and thrived in a enlightenment of toleration they found there. By 1750 a Grand Duchy of Lithuania, that enclosed tools of modern-day Poland, Latvia, and Belarus, had turn a world’s largest Jewish community. By a early 20th century, Vilna, “the Jerusalem of a North,” boasted some-more than 100 synagogues and a abounding physical Jewish life, full with Yiddish newspapers and theaters and county groups. Economically, Jews dominated trade and a schooled professions, inspiring a madness of Catholic Lithuanian ultra-nationalists who urged Lithuanian multitude to mangle giveaway from a ostensible stranglehold of a Jewish minority. Before World War II, about 60,000 Jews lived in Vilnius, forming roughly one-third of a city’s population.